Archive for the ‘Featured’ Category

Watershed Detectives Club Is Off To A Great Start

Posted on: October 22nd, 2020 by Brent Gotsch
A scene from the inau­gur­al ses­sion of the 2020 Water­shed Detec­tives Pro­gram held at the Ashokan Cen­ter. Pho­to by Matt Helf­frich

The ongo­ing COVID-19 pan­dem­ic has forced many events and activ­i­ties to be can­celled or switched to an online for­mat and for good rea­son. Tra­di­tion­al school­ing for many stu­dents in the water­shed has moved online ful­ly or in a hybrid of online and lim­it­ed in-per­son teach­ing. Most after­school activ­i­ties on school grounds have been can­celled indef­i­nite­ly. Sad­ly, because of this there is a dearth of oppor­tu­ni­ties for extracur­ric­u­lar activ­i­ties around most sub­jects, though espe­cial­ly sci­ence edu­ca­tion. While the con­cern about the safe­ty of in-per­son edu­ca­tion is war­rant­ed, there are ways to hold in-per­son edu­ca­tion that reduces the risk of expo­sure to the virus. In an effort to pro­vide alter­na­tive pro­gram oppor­tu­ni­ties and to get stu­dents safe­ly engaged in a stream-based and water­shed cur­ricu­lum, AWSMP has relaunched our pop­u­lar Water­shed Detec­tives Pro­gram with added safe­ty fea­tures.

Water­shed Detec­tives has tra­di­tion­al­ly been an after­school pro­gram held at the Ben­nett Inter­me­di­ate School in Boiceville for grades 4–6. This year, instead of being held on school grounds the pro­gram is being offered at the Ashokan Cen­ter in near­by Olive­bridge, NY and for stu­dents in grades 4–8. Hold­ing the pro­gram at the Ashokan Cen­ter allows for good phys­i­cal dis­tanc­ing between stu­dents and access to the Ashokan Center’s numer­ous trails, streams and forests for learn­ing and dis­cov­ery. Sev­er­al safe­ty pro­to­cols have been put in place along with strict san­i­ta­tion pro­ce­dures to reduce the pos­si­bil­i­ty of infec­tion. While the loca­tion has changed the same great pro­gram­ming is tak­ing place where stu­dents will learn about the impor­tance of streams, water­sheds, and ripar­i­an areas.

“It has def­i­nite­ly been a chal­lenge get­ting this year’s pro­gram up and run­ning, but we have a sol­id plan in place in an effort to keep things run­ning smooth­ly,” says Matt Savat­gy, AWSMP Youth Edu­ca­tor and leader of the Water­shed Detective’s Pro­gram. “The kids are real­ly enjoy­ing being togeth­er, out­doors with their friends and are active­ly engaged in learn­ing to become stew­ards for our water­shed.”

Cur­rent­ly, the pro­gram is full. How­ev­er, AWSMP hopes to have more youth and adult pro­grams in the com­ing months. Please reg­u­lar­ly check our web­page for upcom­ing events and pro­grams offered both online and in-per­son.

The 2020 Water­shed Detec­tives Emblem
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CSBI Ready for Fall Plantings

Posted on: October 14th, 2020 by Brent Gotsch
AWSMP Plant Mate­r­i­al Cen­ter, Fall 2020. Pho­to by Bob­by Tay­lor.

If some­one were to step into the back­yard of the Ashokan Water­shed Stream Man­age­ment Pro­gram (AWSMP) you could for­give them for think­ing they were on the grounds of a plant nurs­ery. That’s because our back­yard is home to the Catskill Streams Buffer Ini­tia­tive (CSBI) Plant Mate­r­i­al Cen­ter (PMC). The PMC is the loca­tion that holds all the plants that we use to reveg­e­tate stream­banks here in the Ashokan Water­shed. CSBI seeks to inform and assist landown­ers with bet­ter stew­ard­ship of their ripar­i­an (stream­side) area through pro­tec­tion, enhance­ment, man­age­ment, or restora­tion. CSBI recent­ly received a large deliv­ery of plants that AWSMP staff helped unload and sort in the PMC.

The plants in these pho­tos will be used in eight plant­i­ng sites this fall and com­ing spring where approx­i­mate­ly 79,156 square feet of stream­bank are slat­ed to be reveg­e­tat­ed. To date 65 landown­ers have had projects com­plet­ed on their prop­er­ties. Over 10,000 trees and shrubs have been plant­ed and over 18,510 feet of stream (or 3.5 miles) have been reveg­e­tat­ed. All told 13.153 acres have been restored since 2009.

Not just any plants are used in these projects. Ripar­i­an plants that are native to the Catskill region are uti­lized for sev­er­al rea­sons. Ripar­i­an plants have strong and robust root sys­tems that grow deep into the soil and inter­lock with roots sys­tems of adja­cent plants. This helps keep the plants firm­ly root­ed in the soil dur­ing floods and has the added ben­e­fit of min­i­miz­ing stream­bank ero­sion. Native Catskill Moun­tain region plants fill an impor­tant eco­log­i­cal niche that non-native plants usu­al­ly do not fill. They pro­vide habi­tat for an assort­ment of oth­er plants and ani­mals includ­ing pol­li­na­tors like bees and but­ter­flies. They pro­vide cov­er for ani­mals help­ing to shield them from preda­tors and shade the stream, keep­ing the water cool for sev­er­al fish species that thrive in cold­er water, such as native brook trout. Fur­ther­more, native ripar­i­an plants are more suit­ed for their envi­ron­ment and require less main­te­nance than non-native orna­men­tal veg­e­ta­tion.

Sev­er­al of the native ripar­i­an plants that are used will be famil­iar to most peo­ple. These include tree species such as red maple (Acer rubrum), sug­ar maple (Acer sac­cha­rum), red oak (Quer­cus rubra), white oak (Quer­cus alba), paper birch (Betu­la papyrifera) and sycamore (Pla­tanus occi­den­tal­is) to name just a few. It also includes shrubs such as win­ter­ber­ry (Ilex ver­ti­cil­late), witch hazel (Hamamelis vir­gini­ana), mead­owsweet (Spi­raea lat­i­fo­lia), elder­ber­ry (Sam­bu­cus nigra), choke­ber­ry (Aro­nia arbu­ti­fo­lia), and but­ton­bush (Cepha­lan­thus occi­den­tal­is) among many oth­ers. In addi­tion, there are sev­er­al dif­fer­ent types of sedges, which are a type of grass that likes to grow in wet, ripar­i­an areas. The PMC cur­rent­ly holds 61 dif­fer­ent species of native plant and there are cur­rent­ly over 2,000 plants in the PMC. The vast major­i­ty will be plant­ed this fall. Any plants not used will be cov­ered in mulch and over­win­tered until the spring where they will be used in plant­i­ng projects for that sea­son.

Projects for this sea­son are already sched­uled, but if you’re inter­est­ed in par­tic­i­pat­ing in the CSBI pro­gram in a future sea­son and have stream­side prop­er­ty in the Ashokan Water­shed, con­tact the CSBI Coor­di­na­tor, Bob­by Tay­lor at 845–688-3047 or at bobby.taylor@ashokanstreams.org.

AWSMP Plant Mate­r­i­al Cen­ter, Fall 2020. Pho­to by Brent Gotsch.
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AWSMP Hosts Successful Fall Foliage Walk

Posted on: October 6th, 2020 by Brent Gotsch
AWSMP Edu­ca­tor Matt Savat­gy teach­es about water­sheds dur­ing a hike on the Ashokan Quar­ry Trail

Last week on the morn­ing of Octo­ber 3rd, the Ashokan Water­shed Stream Man­age­ment Pro­gram (AWSMP) host­ed a fall foliage walk on the recent­ly opened Ashokan Quar­ry Trail in Olive­bridge, NY. AWSMP has a goal of host­ing safe, social­ly dis­tanced, in-per­son events if con­di­tions allow. While it may have been a lit­tle ear­ly to expe­ri­ence the fall col­ors at their peak, there was per­fect autumn weath­er and all ten par­tic­i­pants had an excel­lent time.

The Ashokan Quar­ry Trail opened ear­li­er this year and is an easy 2‑mile loop that can be com­plet­ed and enjoyed by hik­ers of all abil­i­ty lev­els. Key points of inter­est includ­ed the on-site quar­ry where stone used in the con­struc­tion of the Ashokan Reser­voir was har­vest­ed, an aban­doned rail­road grade and load­ing sta­tion, and a scenic vista where sev­er­al local moun­tain peaks could be viewed.  Along the route, AWSMP edu­ca­tors taught par­tic­i­pants about water­shed sci­ence, for­est ecol­o­gy, the his­to­ry of the site and its impor­tance in the con­struc­tion of the Ashokan Reser­voir.

AWSMP nor­mal­ly attends many com­mu­ni­ty events and func­tions through­out the year in the Ashokan Water­shed. How­ev­er, due to the ongo­ing COVID-19 pan­dem­ic, many of those events have been can­celled or post­poned. In an effort to keep in touch with our stream­side landown­ers and every­one who enjoys and ben­e­fits from the Ashokan Water­shed, AWSMP has shift­ed the major­i­ty of its edu­ca­tion and out­reach pro­gram­ming to an online for­mat. AWSMP edu­ca­tors have post­ed a num­ber edu­ca­tion­al videos to our YouTube page so be sure to check those out.

When New York entered Phase 4 of reopen­ing ear­li­er this year, AWSMP insti­tut­ed sev­er­al out­door, social­ly dis­tanced events. If con­di­tions and pub­lic health direc­tives allow, AWSMP hopes to have more of these types of events this win­ter as well as next spring and sum­mer.

Please vis­it the AWSMP web­site for the most up-to-date list­ings of events (online and in-per­son) and stay in touch through our Face­book, Twit­ter, and Insta­gram accounts.

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Watershed Detectives Afterschool Program

Posted on: October 1st, 2020 by Brent Gotsch
Water­shed Detec­tives After­school Pro­gram

The Ashokan Water­shed Stream Man­age­ment Pro­gram is excit­ed to announce that Matt Savat­gy and edu­ca­tion staff from Cor­nell Coop­er­a­tive Exten­sion of Ulster Coun­ty will be offer­ing his Water­shed Detec­tives Club as an in-per­son, after­school pro­gram at the Ashokan Cen­ter in Olive­bridge, Tues­day after­noons, begin­ning Octo­ber 13th (see above ad). We will be spend­ing our time doing fun, “hands-on” sci­ence and nature activ­i­ties while learn­ing about our local water­shed and streams.

We have put togeth­er an approved, New York State com­pli­ant safe­ty plan for this pro­gram that includes spe­cial pre­cau­tions for COVID-19. Our trained staff will be con­duct­ing the pro­gram using phys­i­cal dis­tanc­ing meth­ods. Face masks are required when we are indoors and when we are with­in 6 feet of each oth­er out-of-doors.

The pro­gram is free of charge to Onte­o­ra School Dis­trict stu­dents, but space is very lim­it­ed and will be filled on a first come, first served basis. To reg­is­ter for the pro­gram, con­tact Lin­da Gonnel­la at lg457@cornell.edu. Please con­tact Matt Savat­gy if you have any ques­tions about the pro­gram at mjs593@cornell.edu or at (845)-657‑7383.

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Ashokan Quarry Trail Fall Foliage Watershed Walk, October 3rd

Posted on: September 10th, 2020 by Brent Gotsch
View from the Quarry Trail
A view from the Ashokan Quar­ry Trail

Join the Ashokan Water­shed Stream Man­age­ment Pro­gram (AWSMP) for a water­shed walk along the Ashokan Quar­ry Trail in Olive­bridge, NY. This excit­ing pro­gram is open to any­one, but is designed for youth and fam­i­lies. Par­tic­i­pants under the age of 8 must be accom­pa­nied by a par­ent or guardian. Cor­nell Coop­er­a­tive Exten­sion of Ulster Coun­ty edu­ca­tors will lead a hike along the trail to learn about the Ashokan Water­shed and the his­to­ry of the Yale Quar­ry area. We will also spend time learn­ing about the plants and ani­mals along the trail. A focus point will be a panoram­ic view of the east­ern sec­tion of the Ashokan Water­shed in its fall splen­dor approx­i­mate­ly 1 mile up the trail.

Due to NYS phys­i­cal dis­tanc­ing guide­lines, the walk will be lim­it­ed to 12 indi­vid­u­als. All par­tic­i­pants must agree to fol­low pub­lic health poli­cies out­lined for the event.

This event, which is free of charge, is open to res­i­dents of the Ashokan Water­shed. Gen­er­al­ly, the Ashokan Water­shed over­laps the Towns of Shan­dak­en, Olive, Wood­stock, and Hur­ley in Ulster Coun­ty and Lex­ing­ton and Hunter in Greene Coun­ty. Reg­is­tra­tion is required.

We will meet at the Ashokan Quar­ry Trail park­ing lot a lit­tle before 9:00 a.m. for check-in and will return by 12:00 p.m. The group will spend approx­i­mate­ly 3 hours on the trail and will walk about 2 miles round-trip at a leisure­ly pace. Par­tic­i­pants will need to wear hik­ing boots or closed-toe shoes, bring sun screen and insect repel­lent if using. The wear­ing of face masks is manda­to­ry when stopped for edu­ca­tion or con­ver­sa­tion or when pass­ing oth­ers on the trail. It is also rec­om­mend­ed that each per­son bring plen­ty of water and a snack. For more infor­ma­tion about the hike, call the AWSMP office at (845) 688‑3047 or email Matt Savat­gy at mjs593@cornell.edu.

Once you reg­is­ter, please review our safe­ty pledge and sign the insur­ance and pho­to release waiv­er and return them to Lin­da at lg457@cornell.edu

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Watershed Animal Spotlight: Bald Eagle

Posted on: September 1st, 2020 by Brent Gotsch

Bald Eagle Title Slide

 

 

Catch­ing a glimpse of a bald eagle soar­ing through the air can be incred­i­bly excit­ing. This expe­ri­ence is becom­ing increas­ing­ly com­mon here in the Ashokan Water­shed. The reser­voir and its sur­round­ing forests and streams pro­vide ide­al habi­tat for these large birds of prey.

Your best chances of spot­ting an eagle local­ly are while walk­ing on the prom­e­nade at the Ashokan dam, explor­ing the open-water sec­tions of the Ashokan Rail Trail or by spend­ing time along the Upper Eso­pus Creek. It is not unusu­al to see a bald eagle silent­ly glid­ing above the water’s sur­face in search of a meal.

If you are for­tu­nate enough to encounter one, it is an expe­ri­ence you are like­ly to not soon for­get. To learn more about these majes­tic birds, check out our bald eagle resource page. The site includes videos, fact sheets, activ­i­ty pages, relat­ed links, and a quiz. For more infor­ma­tion about the Ashokan Water­shed Stream Man­age­ment Pro­gram, vis­it ashokanstreams.org.

 

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Love Your Stream Video and Art Project

Posted on: August 26th, 2020 by Brent Gotsch

Bushnellsville Creek

Bush­nellsville Creek

 

We all love our streams in the Ashokan Water­shed! To show appre­ci­a­tion for our watershed’s streams, fam­i­lies or indi­vid­u­als are invit­ed to sub­mit a short video, pho­tographs or art­work depict­ing an activ­i­ty by or on a local stream. This could include fish­ing, boating/tubing, paint­ing, bird watch­ing or just about any activ­i­ty on or near the water. AWSMP staff will com­pile the videos/photographs/artwork and share them with oth­ers at an event streamed online on Feb­ru­ary 24, 2021 start­ing at 7:00 p.m. After we share the videos/photographs/artwork, AWSMP staff will be on hand to answer any ques­tions you have about streams.

Guide­lines for sub­mis­sion:

  • Sub­mit only orig­i­nal video, pho­to­graph, or art­work
  • Video sub­mis­sions must be no more than 5 min­utes in length
  • Orig­i­nal video, pho­to­graph or art­work must show an activ­i­ty on or near­by a stream
  • Orig­i­nal video, pho­to­graph, or art­work must have a stream fea­tured promi­nent­ly
  • Activ­i­ties shown must be on the stream or in very close prox­im­i­ty. Some exam­ples of stream-relat­ed activ­i­ties include:
  • Fish­ing
  • Boating/Kayaking/Canoeing/Tubing
  • Swim­ming
  • Snor­kel­ing
  • Bird Watch­ing
  • Drawing/Sketching/Painting
  • Pho­tog­ra­phy
  • Explo­ration of stream (ex: turn­ing over rocks to find and exam­ine macroin­ver­te­brates)
  • View­ing fall foliage
  • Any oth­er activ­i­ty where the stream is a cen­tral fea­ture of the activ­i­ty
  • The stream shown must be with­in the Ashokan Reser­voir Water­shed. If you’re not sure if your stream is in the Ashokan Water­shed please vis­it the AWSMP web­site and look at the map. Any stream list­ed on that web­page is accept­able. Unnamed trib­u­tary streams not list­ed on the web­page but still with­in the bound­aries of the Ashokan Water­shed are also accept­able.
  • Lim­it of 2 sub­mis­sions per individual/household

 

Dead­line to sub­mit orig­i­nal video, pho­to­graph or art­work is Feb­ru­ary 17, 2021 by 5:00 p.m. All sub­mis­sions should be sent to Brent Gotsch at bwg37@cornell.edu. If video or images are too large to email con­tact Brent and he will send you a link where you can upload your sub­mis­sion.

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Living in the Watershed Presentation August 19th

Posted on: August 14th, 2020 by Brent Gotsch

The sub-basins of the Ashokan Watershed

The sub-basins of the Ashokan Water­shed

 

The Ashokan Water­shed Stream Man­age­ment Pro­gram (AWSMP) is pleased to announce an addi­tion to its Ashokan Water­shed Week­end slate of pro­grams this sum­mer. On Wednes­day, August 19 start­ing at 7:00 p.m. there will be an online Zoom pre­sen­ta­tion of the pro­grams and ser­vices avail­able to landown­ers in the Ashokan Reser­voir Water­shed and the greater Catskill and Delaware por­tions of the New York City Drink­ing Water Sup­ply Water­shed. This pro­gram is geared for cur­rent or poten­tial landown­ers, but oth­er inter­est­ed indi­vid­u­als are wel­come to attend.

Landown­ers in the NYC Water­shed have access to a wide vari­ety of assis­tance pro­grams that aren’t avail­able in oth­er areas of the state. Dur­ing this help­ful pro­gram, some of the part­ners who deliv­er NYC’s Water­shed Pro­tec­tion Pro­gram will dis­cuss resources avail­able to landown­ers who are man­ag­ing streams, flood­plains, waste­water, forests and agri­cul­tur­al lands, and who want to improve and pro­tect their prop­er­ty while ben­e­fit­ing the envi­ron­ment. Landown­ers will have the oppor­tu­ni­ty to ask ques­tions about the pro­grams and AWSMP pre­sen­ters will pro­vide guid­ance on where to seek addi­tion­al infor­ma­tion.

The pro­gram is free to attend, but reg­is­tra­tion is required. For more infor­ma­tion or to reg­is­ter for the event please vis­it https://tinyurl.com/AshokanLandowners.

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How Antecedent Moisture Conditions Impact Flooding

Posted on: August 4th, 2020 by Tim Koch

The amount of pre­cip­i­ta­tion that falls dur­ing a storm obvi­ous­ly has an impact on the flood dynam­ics of rivers and streams. When it rains a lot, rivers and streams can flood dra­mat­i­cal­ly. Flood­ing from Trop­i­cal Storm Irene in 2011 is an all too famil­iar exam­ple.

Flooding in Boiceville as a results of Tropical Storm Irene

Flood­ing in Boiceville as a results of Trop­i­cal Storm Irene

Anoth­er impor­tant but less well known influ­ence on flood­ing is the antecedent mois­ture con­di­tion.

To under­stand what antecedent mois­ture con­di­tion is and how it impacts floods we need to briefly dis­cuss the water bal­ance:

     P = RO + ET + ΔS

where,

     P = pre­cip­i­ta­tion,
     RO = runoff,
     ET = evap­o­tran­spi­ra­tion, and
     ΔS = change in ground­wa­ter or soil stor­age.

This gen­er­al­ized equa­tion is say­ing that all the water that falls as rain either (1) runs off the sur­face and becomes flow in a stream, (2) is evap­o­rat­ed or tran­spired (i.e., used by plants), or (3) is stored in the ground, often in the pore spaces between soil par­ti­cles.

Soil can be thought of as a giant sponge that can absorb large amounts of water. Antecedent mois­ture con­di­tion is how wet or dry that soil stor­age sponge is when it starts to rain.

If the soil stor­age sponge is already sat­u­rat­ed before the storm hits, only a small per­cent­age of the rain­fall can be absorbed, mean­ing a large por­tion of the rain­fall total will become runoff. For exam­ple, pri­or to TS Irene in 2011 the antecedent mois­ture con­di­tion was rel­a­tive­ly high, as can be seen in the stream gage hydro­graph at Allaben (below). The orange tri­an­gles rep­re­sent the aver­age flow for that day (approx 20–30cfs). In the week lead­ing up to Irene, flow in the Eso­pus Creek was well above aver­age (blue line, 100–200 cfs), indi­cat­ing that soil mois­ture lev­els were already high when the storm hit.

Hydrograph of Esopus Creek at Allaben prior to TS Irene in 2011.

Hydro­graph of Eso­pus Creek at Allaben pri­or to TS Irene in 2011.

Con­verse­ly, if the soil stor­age sponge is most­ly dry when the storm hits a larg­er per­cent­age of the pre­cip­i­ta­tion can poten­tial­ly be absorbed, or stored in the soil sponge rather that becom­ing runoff.  Less runoff can some­times mean less dra­mat­ic flood­ing.

Today, as we await the arrival of Trop­i­cal Storm Isa­ias, antecedent mois­ture con­di­tions are rel­a­tive­ly low, with flow in the Eso­pus at Allaben hov­er­ing near the approx­i­mate aver­age val­ue for ear­ly August (20–30 cfs), far less than what it was pri­or to Irene. There is more room for water in the sponge.

Antecedent moisture conditions prior to the arrival of TS Isaias.

Antecedent mois­ture con­di­tions pri­or to the arrival of TS Isa­ias.

This does not mean that flood­ing can’t hap­pen when antecedent mois­ture con­di­tions are low. Even with a dry soil stor­age sponge, the rate of pre­cip­i­ta­tion is also an incred­i­bly impor­tant com­po­nent of flood dynam­ics. If rain falls faster than it can infil­trate into the soil, water will run off regard­less of antecedent mois­ture con­di­tions, which can cause dam­ag­ing flash floods.

The soil stor­age sponge also has a lim­it­ed capac­i­ty and can become sat­u­rat­ed quick­ly.

Please refer to our recent post on the Flash Flood Watch issued for the Ashokan Water­shed for infor­ma­tion on how to pre­pare for a flood.

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Flash Flood Watch in Effect for Ashokan Watershed

Posted on: August 4th, 2020 by Brent Gotsch

High flows on the Esopus Creek in September 2018.

High flows on the Eso­pus Creek in Sep­tem­ber 2018.

 

The Nation­al Weath­er Ser­vice has cur­rent­ly issued a flash flood watch for the Ashokan Water­shed and much of the rest of the region. Trop­i­cal Storm Isa­ias is cur­rent­ly track­ing up the east­ern seaboard and bring­ing heavy rains and dam­ag­ing winds in its path. While the region has been abnor­mal­ly dry this sum­mer and the rain itself is wel­come, the poten­tial inten­si­ty of the down­pours could cause local­ized flood­ing.

Our Water­shed is no stranger to floods but it is still a good idea to be pre­pared. Through­out the day today, mon­i­tor the Nation­al Ocean­ic and Atmos­pher­ic Admin­is­tra­tion’s (NOAA) weath­er radio and/or local weath­er sta­tions to get updat­ed infor­ma­tion about con­di­tions. You can also mon­i­tor local stream gages by going to the Unit­ed States Geo­log­i­cal Sur­vey (USGS) web­site. The Allaben and Cold­brook stream gages are two major gages on the Eso­pus Creek.

If pos­si­ble, please stay home. High winds could top­ple trees and pow­er lines mak­ing roads impas­si­ble. In addi­tion, flood waters across road­ways are par­tic­u­lar­ly dan­ger­ous and lead to a high num­ber of injuries and fatal­i­ties each year because water depths are often deceiv­ing. Remem­ber, it only takes one foot of mov­ing water to move most pas­sen­ger cars and six inch­es of mov­ing water to knock a per­son over. If you come across a flood­ed road­way always Turn Around Don’t Drown!

If your local­i­ty issues evac­u­a­tion orders please evac­u­ate to your near­est emer­gency shel­ter imme­di­ate­ly and fol­low all instruc­tions from local offi­cials and emer­gency respon­ders.

For more infor­ma­tion on flood pre­pared­ness and what to do in an emer­gency you can view the AWSMP Flood Emer­gency Pre­pared­ness Guide. Also be sure to check out resources from FEMA’s Ready.gov web­site and the NY Exten­sion Dis­as­ter Edu­ca­tion Net­work (NY EDEN) web­site.

 

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